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بالا بردن نمره Coherence و Cohesion و نوشتن یک پاراگراف با Cohesion بالا

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در فصل اول، در ارتباط با Coherence و Cohesion یک بحث کوتاه داشتیم. اینکه این معیار از بین چهار معیار نمره دهی رایتینگ به چه معناست و براساس چه قوائدی می توانید از این معیار نمره 7 به بالا بگیرید. این فصل به صورت کامل در ارتباط با این معیار بحث میکنیم و به روش های عملی برای رسیدن به نمره بالا در این معیار خواهیم رسید.

در این ویدیو روش هایی رو برای بالا بردن نمره Coherence و Cohesion بررسی خواهیم کرد و در قسمت های بعدی این فصل، به کاربرد این روش ها در نوشتن یک مقدمه سریع، چگونگی ادامه دادن پاراگراف های Body و رسیدن به یک نتیجه گیری درست را برای رایتینگ های تسک 2 می پردازیم.

 

Writing Plus

1. Conjunctions of addition and replacement

Additive conjunctions simply add more information to what is already there.

and, also, in addition, not only … but also, moreover, furthermore

Ex. The study used a small sample only and was strongly criticized for this reason. Furthermore, the initial premise of the research was considered questionable in the light of previous evidence.

Conjunctions of replacement replace one piece of information with another. That is, they offer an alternative.

or, or else, alternatively

Ex. The results could be interpreted to mean that high levels of protein are beneficial to diet generally. Alternatively, they could also mean that high protein levels are only beneficial to severely overweight males.

2. Conjunctions of comparison, contrast and concession

Comparative conjunctions are used to link two ideas that are considered to be similar.

in the same way, likewise, just as, both … and.

Ex. Reading aloud to young children stimulates their interest in books. Similarly, visiting libraries or book fairs has been shown to increase children’s readiness to engage with print.

Contrastive conjunctions link two ideas that are considered to be different.

but, however, in contrast, on the contrary, while, whereas, instead, nevertheless, yet, still, neither … nor.

Ex. This evidence points clearly to a fall in the number of unemployed. On the other hand, anecdotal evidence from reputable charities suggests that the number of people seeking financial support has increased.

Concessive conjunctions are a subgroup of contrastive conjunctions. They are used to contrast one idea with another where one piece of information appears to be surprising or unexpected in view of the other idea.

although, even though, despite, in spite of

Ex: Even though money has been poured into literacy programs, literacy levels among 12-15 year olds do not appear to be improving.

3. Conjunctions of exemplification and restatement

Conjunctions of exemplification are simply used to introduce examples.

for example, to illustrate this, such as

Ex. There are many ways of interesting young children in reading. For instance, regular trips to the library have been shown to greatly increase children’s awareness of books.

Conjunctions of restatement are used to reword or sum up information.

that is, to put it another way, to sum up, in brief.

Ex. The chances of children not finishing their education are magnified by certain factors. In other words, there are specific factors which will increase the likelihood of children leaving school early.

4. Conjunctions of cause and condition

Conjunctions of cause highlight a cause-effect relationship between two ideas or give a reason why something happens or is the case.

for this reason, as, because, because of this, therefore, thus, hence, as a result, consequently, since, so

Ex. The purpose of the study was withheld from the participants so that the results would not be skewed.

Conjunctions of condition outline or suggest the conditions under which something happens unless, if … then, in that case

Ex. If literacy levels are to improve, more resources have to be put into teacher training.

5. Conjunctions of time

Conjunctions of time locate or sequence events or ideas in time.

after, afterwards, before, previously, prior to, to the present, at present, second(ly), third(ly), finally.

Ex. The researchers first examined the impact of obesity on levels of childhood activity generally. They then narrowed their investigation to its impact on children’s ability to cope at school.

 

این تمرین تنها مربوط به دانشجویان دوره پلاس می باشد

تمرین شماره ۱۳: با استفاده از جملات داده شده، یک پاراگراف با Cohesion بالا تولید کنید.

حالا نوبت شماست: این تمرین را میتوانید پایین این آرتیکل کامنت بگذارید تا تصحیح شود

تمرین شماره ۱۴: پنج لغت انتهای ویدیو را بخوانید و با استفاده از یک دیکشنری سعی کنید کالوکیشن های آن را پیدا کنید. سپس جملات داده شده را طوری بنویسید که از این لغات به درستی در آنها استفاده شده باشد.

کاربرانی که در این گفتگو شرکت کرده اند

نظرات (22)

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سلام و سپاس بابت مطالب فوق العادتون

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31.Despite some scepticism about the connection of historic events to today's society, perception of the past contributes to people's decision making in today's communities.

32.Having studied history, people draw on their past generations'...

31.Despite some scepticism about the connection of historic events to today's society, perception of the past contributes to people's decision making in today's communities.

32.Having studied history, people draw on their past generations' experiences and opt a similar path successfully.

33.For students, study of history is not just for pursuing of science, but also improving their skills and building all-around people of themselves.

34.All these progresses can foster a student's intellectual independence. These strong points could be useful for their future professions and careers.

35.In addressing real-life problems, current affairs rather than historic events, recommend more advice to people.

ادامه مطلب
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سلام شبتون بخیر استاد جون تموم شد درسا؟ کلاس
هم که دیگه نمیشه بیایم... چه کارکنیم؟

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Despite of pessimism toward relationship between historical events and today society , perception of the past contribute to people’s decision making in today communities.
Through studying history , individuals draw on previous generation’s...

Despite of pessimism toward relationship between historical events and today society , perception of the past contribute to people’s decision making in today communities.
Through studying history , individuals draw on previous generation’s experience , choosing a similar route to success.
For students, not only is learning history for seeking knowledge , but also it’s for prompting their skills and building all-around individuals of themselves.
All of these improvements could foster the mental independence of a student. This advantage is transmissible to their further jobs and professions
In addressing real life’s problems , current events give more points and advices than historical ones.

ادامه مطلب
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For many, studying history is quite a boring and useless task. However, they do not understand how important it is to study the history of a subject. Also, studying history provides a student with skills which are not limited to the study of the...

For many, studying history is quite a boring and useless task. However, they do not understand how important it is to study the history of a subject. Also, studying history provides a student with skills which are not limited to the study of the past. Not only the skills of analysis are invaluable in many jobs but also, it is vital to decision making. In addition,this provides a skill set for a student and keeps career options open.On the other hand, There is a stigma attached to history that it is based entirely in the distant past, for example, this does not account for the huge amount of modern history which is studied in such depth, therefore, it is important to study the past to make sense of current affair, likewise everything which is happening around us influenced by, and is a direct result of, that which preceded it. Finally the study of the history is explicitly relevant to us.

ادامه مطلب
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For many, studying history is quite a boring and useless task in the same way they do not understand how important it is to study the history of a subject. For instance, studying history provides a student with skills which these skills are not...

For many, studying history is quite a boring and useless task in the same way they do not understand how important it is to study the history of a subject. For instance, studying history provides a student with skills which these skills are not limited to the study of the past and skills of analysis are invaluable in many jobs because of this the ability to analyze and then priorities information is vital to decision making, thus this provides a skill set for a student consequently this keeps career options open.
2. There is a stigma attached to history that it is based entirely in the distant past, on top of that this does not account for the huge amount of modern history which is studied in such depth, therefore, it is important to study the past to make sense of current affair, likewise everything which is happening around us influenced by, and is a direct result of, that which preceded it, in brief, the stud of the history is explicitly relevant to us.

ادامه مطلب
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مرسی بابت این همه سازماندهی و انسجام در ارایه مطالب بسیار عالی

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سلام دستتون دردنکنه❤❤

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perfect

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31.In spite of pessimism towards interaction between historical realities and Today society, perception of the past contributes to people 's decision making in today's communities

32_With studying the history, people upon their Previous...

31.In spite of pessimism towards interaction between historical realities and Today society, perception of the past contributes to people 's decision making in today's communities

32_With studying the history, people upon their Previous generation, and would Choose آ similar manner successful.

33_For students, studying the history is not only for knowledge search, but also for improving their Skills and making themselves as all_around indivituals


34_Whole these progreses can foster a student' Mental independence. These positive aspects would be inheritable to their careers or vocations in the Future.


35.In adrressing of real predicament of life, Current events suggest more advices and points than historical ones.

ادامه مطلب
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ممنون بسیار عالی

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ممنون اززحماتتون استاد، دوشنبه ها هم کاش تمرین داشتیم ♥

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You are one number

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سلااام دست شما دردنکنه استاد عزیزم❤❤❤

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31.in spite of pessimism about relation of historical events with today's society, past discernment contribute to individuals' decision in today's societies.
32.with studying history.,individuals draw on past generations' experience, selecting a...

31.in spite of pessimism about relation of historical events with today's society, past discernment contribute to individuals' decision in today's societies.
32.with studying history.,individuals draw on past generations' experience, selecting a similar way though the success.
33.for students, not only reviewing history is for seeking knowledge, but also for enhancing their skills and preparing all_around individuals from itself.
34.all these improvements can foster students' mental independence. These significant points are portable to their future occupations and professions.
35.to address life's real problems, current events gives more points and advices rather than historical events.

ادامه مطلب
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تشکر عالی بود

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سپاس از مطالب مفیدتان

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عالی بود خسته نباشید
فقط اگه ممکنه سرعت انتشار مطالب بیشتر بشه
و این موسیقی پس زمینه هم توروخدا بردارید :دی

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So practical. Thanks

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Fogholadeyi shoma ostade aziz

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Fogholadeyi shoma ostade aziz

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سلام ,دستتون دردنکنه

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