متن زیر را در ارتباط با "اثرات رسانه برروی کودکان" بخوانید و سعی کنید با استفاده از لغات، کالوکیشن ها و ساختارهای آن، کل متن را در یک پاراگراف خلاصه کنید. توجه کنید پاراگراف تان باید شامل جملات ساده و پیچیده باشد. پاراگراف هاتون رو برام به صورت کامنت بگذارید تا تصحیح بشه.
The Effects of the Media to Children
The media have been a significant part of our daily life; a vehicle for communicating to the public as well as a source of entertainment. Magazines, TV programs, radio, billboards, news, internet, cell phones are the forms of mass media which are considered to be part of our everyday routine. Traditionally, parents serve as primary social models for children, whereas other models may include siblings, teachers, relatives and other people who are significant in children’s lives. Over time, however, parents’ influence as models to their children is on the decline as a direct or indirect result of technological advancement and alterations in household economics. Aside from their busy schedules, which is common in dual-career and single-parent households, families of today seem to gather around rarely because each member has easy access to their own television, telephone, computer, and music player. This set-up would imply that children are more inclined to interact less with their parents and spend more time on their own. Thus, children could turn their attention from their parents to more accessible diversions, such as television watching. In view of the fact that our society is media saturated, parents should be aware of the positive and negative effects of the media to children.
The first positive effect of the media is its academic learning opportunities. These educational programs help children to visualize places and animals as well as further explain theories that are learned in the classroom.
The second positive effect of the media is pro-social behavior learning. Pro-social behavior refers to any action that benefits another person; comforting, sharing, and helping are all examples of pro-social actions.
Despite the positive effects presented, the media have negative effects as well. Children’s familiarity with these media models could lead them to pick up new behaviors that are not modeled by their own parents. Apparently, models are not limited to real people; super heroes, cartoon or video game characters, even television or movie idols, can also serve as symbolic or media models in this case.
The second negative effect of the media is the introduction to drug use. Commercials give enthusiasm to young viewers because they are entertaining, but the harm it brings to the young minds of children is often overlooked. The youth being exposed in a world surrounded with the media, are therefore exposed to adult aimed advertisements like commercials of cigarettes and alcohol.
To sum up, the discussion revealed that aside from parents and significant people who come in contact with the child, symbolic characters can also be potent models. Taking into consideration the presence of factors that have a pervasive influence on the child’s imitative behavior, the television can be a powerful agent of socialization. Despite its negative effects, however, TV viewing can also have constructive effects on children. Under proper supervision and if viewing is done in moderation, families, particularly parents can harness, and even maximize this medium’s potential as a good source of information and helpful avenue for learning.