قبل از گوش کردن، لغات را خوب بررسی کنید، متن را چندین بار گوش کرده و بعد از روی اسکریپت آن، بخشهایی را که متوجه نشدید بررسی کنید
Cutlery: کارد و چنگال
Confusing: گیج کننده
Instance: به عنوان مثال
Waiter: پیش خدمت
Chopstick: چوب غذا خوری
دانلود فایل صوتی پادکست شماره بیست و سوم
این پادکست برای سطح C1 (آیلتس +6.5) طراحی شده است
Knife, fork and spoon
Jackie:My father recently gave us an old cutlery set' that he no longer needed. Inside was a knife, fork and spoon and then a smaller version of each, plus some fish knives and forks and soup spoons. Now we had already a cutlery set but we only had knives, forks and spoons.
Richard:Yes, it is a bit confusing whether to use the big fork or the small fork or the big knife or the small knife.
Jackie:And it reminded us that there a differences to how people they eat their food., we're talking about cut...
Jackie:[laughs]... cutlery. Europeans use knives and forks, Richard, but what happened when you went to America?
Richard:Well it's not just the eating utensil it's how you eat as well. For us for instance we hold the knife in the right hand, fork in the left hand and we cut with the knife and then eat with the fork in the left hand.
Jackie:But it's different in America?
Richard:I was very, very surprised in that the Americans, they... they cut the meat for instance with the knife in the right hand but then they put the knife down and put the fork into their right hand and eat with their right hand.
Jackie:That just seems really bizarre
Richard:Yes, it does, very strange, it takes much longer to eat as well.
Jackie:And... and, what do they do with their left hand then?
Richard:Put it on their lap.
Jackie:You see, that's interesting because obviously in places like France and Russia, who also eat with knives and forks, the idea of having your hands on your lap is considered very vulgar. Your hands should always rest with your wrists on the table.
Jackie:Now also, Richard, we went to a Thai restaurant not that long ago. That was funny, wasn't it?
Richard:Yes and we were very surprised. One of the other customers asked the Thai waiter for a pair of chopsticks.
Jackie:Now, we... we lived in Thailand for a couple of years so we... we knew that Thais don't use chopsticks.
Richard:They use a fork and a spoon.
Jackie:Now why is that?
Richard:It dates to the early part of the 200% century when the king of the time wanted to Westemise Thailand so chopsticks, obviously were Chinese, so he got rid of the chopsticks and he introduced the fork and the spoon which are used up to this day.
Jackie:Yeah, of course many Asian countries do use er... chopsticks: the Chinese, the Japanese, the Koreans and the Vietnamese.
Richard:It was interesting that they did actually have chopsticks at the Thai restaurant which was also quite interesting.
Jackie:They were used to people asking. And then we were talking about North Americans really, what's also interesting is in South America, Brazil for example, Richard, well if you take pizza, the US eat their pizzas with their hands, right?
Jackie:Er... we eat it with a knife and fork.
Richard:Some people, I think there's a mixture, some people eat pizzas with knives and forks, others with hands.
Jackie:Brazilians eat pizzas and hamburgers with a knife and fork.
Richard:Hmm, yes, hamburgers, with the hands I think but yes, knives and forks sounds a bit strange. Yes, and talking about hands of course, many, many people in India only eat with their hands.
Jackie:And in Africa.
Richard:Yes, which is quite difficult to a lot of Westerners.
Jackie:And only the other day, Richard, we went to er... a restaurant, here in Portugal, [the people at] the table, next door er.... we're eating sardines and how did they eat the sardines?
Richard:Only with the hands, which again was very strange for us.
Jackie:So Richard, all around the world different kinds of food...
Richard:...and different ways of eating it.
*if it's in a box this is often called a canteen of cutlery