پادکست شماره ۵۵ بیان برتر

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Look before you eat
The festive period can be a nightmare for those who have food allergies.

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قبل از گوش کردن، لغات را خوب بررسی کنید، متن را چندین بار گوش کرده و بعد از روی اسکریپت آن، بخش‌هایی را که متوجه نشده اید را بررسی کنید.

Approach

نزدیک شدن 

Priority

اولویت

Immune system

سیستم ایمنی

Fatal

کشنده/ مهلک

Recognise

تشخیص دادن

Presumably

احتمالا

Crustaceans

سخت پوستان

Oysters

صدف خوراکی

Preservative

محافظ

Strict

سخت/ سخت گیر

دانلود فایل صوتی پادکست شماره پنجاه و پنج

این پادکست برای سطح C1 (آیلتس 7 و بالاتر) طراحی شده است.

 

Wheat

گندم

Disease

بیماری

Consume

مصرف کردن

Symptom

علائم/ نشانه

Ingredients

مواد اولیه

WorkSheet / تمرین کنیم

حالا وقت تمرینِ و بدون نگاه کردن به اسکریپت تلاش کنید که فقط با گوش دادن به فایل صوتی به سوال ها پاسخ دهید.

1. Before listening: for this week’s podcast we talk about food allergies. Answer these questions.

a) Make a list of things which typically give people an allergic reaction, there is an example done for you:

pollen  ?  ?
 ?  ?  ?

b) The podcast is specifically about food allergies. Which foods are people typically allergic to? Again, there is an example done for you:

nuts  ?  ?
 ?  ?  ?

c) Do you think there are more people suffering from allergies now than in the past?

d) The podcast is called Look before you eat. What do you think that refers to?

2. Listen for general meaning: listen to the whole podcast.

a) Which of these things do they talk about?

  • Scientific studies about food allergies
  • The foods which they themselves are allergic to
  • Food labelling

3. Listen for detail: listen again and decide if the statements are true (T) or false (F). Put a tick (✓) in the correct column.

a) An allergic reaction is a malfunction of the immune system.
b) Allergic reactions to food are usually fatal
c) Peanut allergies in children have increased by 30%
d) Jackie thinks the number of fatalities is high
e) UK food labelling is stricter than in the US
f) Both the US and the UK have sesame seeds on their labels
g) Walnuts and peanuts are not the same
h) There are foods labelled in the UK that Jackie is unfamiliar with
i) Both the US and the UK have fish, crustaceans and molluscs labelled
j) Flour (wheat) is an acceptable food label
k) All food packaging must have a ‘Contains’ or ‘May contain’ label on it
m) Food labelling is always clear to read
n) Their pets are more at risk to food allergies

Answers

1. It’s always important to do these pre-listening tasks

2. a) Food labelling

3. a)T b)F c)F d)F e)T f)F g)T h)T i)F j)T k)F m)F n)T

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Transcript / متن فایل صوتی

Richard:        As we approach the festive season, food is a big priority but for many people it’s another occasion where they have to be extra careful about what they eat.

Jackie:         we’re talking about food allergies.

Richard:        Yes, food allergies. So Jackie what is an allergic reaction, then, to food?

Jackie:         I suppose it’s when your immune system inappropriately recognises something foreign. Um........................ it thinks it’s a bug, right, and it mounts an attack against it.

Richard:        Yes, you can either just get a rash or something like that which is not too serious...

Jackie:.......... or it could be fatal.

Richard:        It could be fatal, yes. Now are there any cures? Jackie:  No

Richard:        And is there a rise in food allergies in recent times?

Jackie:         There are certainly a lot more stories in the press about it but yes in fact the number of children in the UK with, for example, peanut allergies has increased significantly over the last several decades. We’re talking here trebled, the number of cases has trebled.

Richard:        Wow, that is a lot. So... so why is that then? Why is there a rise in allergies?

Jackie:         Nobody really knows Richard um... there are a lot of ideas but um... nobody knows.

Richard:        And is it a serious problem? Presumably increasingly serious.

Jackie:         Yeah, but, in the UK about ten people die every year from an acute allergic reaction.

Richard: Yes but there are very stringent laws now, aren’t there? With food packaging. They really do have to put down exactly what’s in their product.

Jackie:         There are over 160 foods which can cause allergic reactions to people, right, but there are, as far as the US are concerned, there are eight common ones and for the UK, fourteen. And these must be legally put on the food labels.

Richard:        So they’ve got to have warnings, in the UK, if they have these fourteen food items.

Jackie:         Can you guess what those are?

Richard:        [laughs] I was expecting you to ask me that. Well, we’ve just, we’ve talked about peanuts, haven’t we [Jackie: Right] um... and I think there are other seeds and things like that.

Jackie:         Sesame seeds in the UK but not in the US.

Richard:        Okay that’s interesting. Well, people... people get affected by eggs don’t they?

Jackie:         Yes, that’s one.

Richard:        Um... I’m not going to get fourteen.

Jackie:         Okay I’ll tell you what they are: milk, eggs, fish. Richard:        Yes, ah yes, oh seafood is a common one, isn’t it?

Jackie:         Exactly, crustaceans. Tree nuts and peanuts because there is a difference.

Richard:       Right, yes, peanuts are groundnuts, aren’t they?

Jackie:         Exactly. Wheat and soya beans. Plus in the UK, Richard, celery.

Richard:      Celery?

Jackie:         Mustard er... sulphur dioxide, sulphites. Richard: Sulphites, right.

Jackie:         Used... used as a preservative. Richard:   Okay

Jackie:         Lupin

Richard:        Lupin?

Jackie:         Lupin seeds and lupin flour. Never heard of it. Richard:   Right, okay.

Jackie:         Molluscs. We’ve mentioned fish and crustaceans [Richard: Right] but also molluscs. [Richard: Snails...] ...and mussels and oysters.

Richard:        Yes, of course.

Jackie:         Things like that. Okay, so what you have to say, you can’t just put lactose, you have to put lactose, in brackets, milk. And you can’t just write flour, you have to put flour, in brackets, wheat or barley, or whatever.

Richard:        Okay.

Jackie:         Or, you have to say um... have a ‘contain statement’: “Contains milk, wheat and peanuts”.

Richard:        Yes, you always see that don’t you, “May contain”, well “May contain peanuts”.

Jackie:         Or the ‘may contain’ one, yes, exactly. So they’re very, very strict with all of those things.

Richard:        But it’s in very small writing though often.

Jackie:         Now luckily neither of us are allergic to anything, are we? Richard:      We eat everything.

Jackie:         But we do have to keep our dogs away from the Christmas cake.

Richard:        Yes. Because it’s raisins, isn’t it? [Jackie: Yeah] And chocolate’s not good for dogs, lots of things aren’t good for dogs.

Jackie:         So it’s not a bad time for us but we really have to keep an eye on our... on our four-legged friends.

 

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میشه امکانی فراهم کنید که همه پادکست ها رو با هم دانلود کنیم تا بتونیم مثلا توی ماشین هم به راحتی گوش بدیم؟ ممنون

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واقعا زحمت میکشید و تلاش هاتون قابل تقدیره ❤❤

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خیلی ممنون ازتون کاش شهرستانی ها هم میتونستن کلاسهاو دوره هاتون روشرکت کنند..ما که شرایط مهاجرت نداریم دستکم بتونیم در اجتماع خودمون کمی رشدکنیم

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عالیه ممنون از محبت و زحمتتان -
فقط لطفا برا سطح شش شش و نیم هم بگذارید - سپاس

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واقعا به خاطر این همه انرژی و سخاوتتون در یاد دادن ممنونم ما همه عشق وانرژیتون رو دریافت میکنیم?????امیدوارم دعای خیر ما وانرژی که صرف میکنید بهتون برگرده

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