قبل از گوش کردن، لغات را خوب بررسی کنید، متن را چندین بار گوش کرده و بعد از روی اسکریپت آن، بخشهایی را که متوجه نشدید بررسی کنید
Participating: شرکت کردن
Hemisphere: نیم کره
Dominated: چیره شدن
Bobsleigh: سورتمه سُری
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The Winter Olympics
Jackie: we’re talking about the Winter Olympics.
Richard: Yes um... I suppose unlike the Summer Olympics and every country seems to have a team in it er... the Winter Olympics [is] hardly a global event, is it?
Jackie: No, no, not at all Richard. In fact we were thinking this morning when we were talking about it, that it’s only ever been hosted in Europe and... and the North Americas.
Richard: I think so. That's true, isn't it?
Jackie: Well actually, I've done a little bit of research and we are almost right but in fact it has been hosted in Japan.
Richard: Ah, okay.
Jackie: But urn... the last two Summer Olympics, 204 countries took part.
Richard: And what about the winter Olympics then?
Jackie: 2010, 82.
Richard: It’s quite a lot then.
Jackie: Hmm mm 2014, there'll be 90.
Richard: Right. But does... but who wins all the medals though?
Jackie: Well, yeah that's a good question. For the... the last Summer Olympics, 79 countries got at least one medal...
Jackie: ...which is 38% of the participating countries.
Richard: Okay, that's a lot.
Jackie: Hmm mm. For the Winter Olympics um... only 26 countries win one medal or more.
Richard: Right, okay, yeah.
Jackie: Just... just over a quarter.
Richard: Yes, I know Great Britain, we think of ourselves as a very cold country but [we're] not very good at the Winter Olympics, not enough snow in the UK, I don't think.
Jackie: The Winter Olympics is dominated really by four countries. Do you know which four those are?
Richard: Ooh. Norway...
Richard: Um... Russia?
Richard: The USA?
Richard: I don't know any of the others. Mmm, Austria?
Jackie: No. Canada and Germany.
Richard: Oh, okay, that's interesting, Germany.
Jackie: Yeah, they're the big four. But interestingly enough, fifth on the medal table last time was South Korea. [Richard: Ooh] Mmm, we forgot about that part of the world.
Richard: Certainly, yes.
Jackie: But nobody... I mean it’s not a Southern Hemisphere thing at all.
Richard: No, but interestingly I do remember a few years back the famous Jamaican bobsleigh team.
Jackie: Mmm, in 1988...
Jackie: They hit the news with their 4 man bobsleigh, I don't think they did very well.—
Richard: There was a film made of it, wasn't there?
Jackie: That's right. That's right. And er... for Sochi 2014, they're back.
Jackie: Two man this time.
Richard: Good luck to them. And I think also isn't there a bloke from India as well?
Jackie: India has one competitor, right, but this is his fifth Winter Olympics.
Richard: 1%w. I think he does something like the... goes down on the tin tray or something, I don't know what it’s called.
Jackie: The luge.
Richard: The luge, yes.
Jackie: Yeah. We urn... we have a question, don't we, Richard? We've talked about the fact that it’s a... it’s a very Northern Hemisphere sport, really.
Richard: All of the activities [are in] the Alps or in the Nordic countries, North America. Where do the winter Olympians, do their summer training when it's— when its summer in the Northern Hemisphere?
Jackie: Yeah, because you can't go skiing in Australia or in er... in Brazil, can you?
Richard: A little bit of skiing in Australia, but not very much.
Jackie: So where do they go, how do they practice all year round? We genuinely don't know.
Richard: And we’d love to hear from you.