Tongue Rolling

Remember learning genetics in science class? You heard the story of good ol' Gregor Mendel and his peas, and maybe you compared yourself to your classmates to see who had simple genetic traits like a hitchhiker's thumb or a widow's peak. Those are traits that rely on one gene variation, which makes them perfect for learning about genetics. If your science class included the ability to roll your tongue in that list of Mendelian traits, we have some bad news: Tongue rolling isn't a simple matter of genetics. You could probably even learn to do it, if you tried. {Play}

tongue compressor

Let the Good Times Roll

Between 65 and 81 percent of people can roll their tongues in a sort of taco shape. In 1940, genetics pioneer Alfred Sturtevant published a study suggesting that tongue rolling, or "the ability to turn up the lateral edges of the tongue," as Sturtevant put it, might come down to a single dominant gene. {Play}

But even in that study, evidence against that idea was mounting. Several of the children in the study couldn't roll their tongues at first but later learned to do so. In 1951, geneticist Taku Komai noted that while only 54 percent of Japanese schoolchildren could roll their tongues at age six, 76 percent could do so at age 12. That meant that more than 20 percent of kids might learn to tongue-roll in grade school, and that's a big strike against the idea that the skill is purely genetic. {Play}

Blue Genes

Soon after, scientists started checking for the trait in every researcher's favorite natural genetics lab: identical twins. Since identical twins have identical DNA, they're a popular subject for studies examining the role genetics plays in everything from intelligence to sexual orientation. Identical twins and astronauts Scott and Mark Kelly even participated in a NASA study to find out what happens to the human body in space. In the case of tongue rolling, even with identical genes, identical twins didn't all share the skill. That shows that while tongue rolling probably has some genetic component, it's not as simple as science class made it out to be. When it comes to learning genetics, stick to attached earlobes and chin clefts. Tongue rolling is a skill all its own. {Play}

Pea: نخودفرنگی

Hitchhiker: ایستادن در جاده و با انگشت سشت درخواست ماشین کردن

Widow: بیوه

Rely on/upon somebody/something: اتکا کردن

Variation: تنوع/ گوناگونی

Pioneer: پیشگام

Lateral: جانبی/ کناری

Dominant: مسلط/ غالب

Strike: اعتصاب

Identical twin: دوقلو همسان

Orientation: گرایش

Astronaut: فضانورد

Component: مولفه/ جزء

Earlobe: قسمت نرم گوش

Chin: چانه

Cleft: شکاف/ ترک

کاربرانی که در این گفتگو شرکت کرده اند

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Existence in foreign language countries without enough speaking skills may lead to serious problems for people. I do believe it,and in this essay I will explain why.
Language plays a pivotal role in human communities . Without having enough...

Existence in foreign language countries without enough speaking skills may lead to serious problems for people. I do believe it,and in this essay I will explain why.
Language plays a pivotal role in human communities . Without having enough language skills we will deal with a wide range of problems in society ،ranging from asking for an address and doctor`s visits to participate in conferences and career progression . A simple example :imagine you are lost in town and want to ask for an address،or you need to make an appointment with your doctor . How can you do it without having language skills ؟ for another instance a teacher who is very professional in his/her career will lose the job opportunities because of insufficient language skills . Even a simple worker without having oral presentation abilities, not only does not she/he progress in her/his career،but it also lead to negative feelings such as loosing self confidence . This leads us to second important issue .
Human kind`s need to others is undeniable . Psychologist declare that people who does not have effective communication with others are in danger with serious mental problems ،such as depression and feeling of loneliness . Indeed being popular among peers plays a key role in mental health ،and language is the first mean to achieve this goal .
At first glance it does not seem vital ،but the quality of each person`s life is directly dependent on way he/she communicate with others.
In short،we must learn language to be able for daily life and prevent mental problems .

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