پادکست شماره ۵۸ بیان برتر

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 Green is the Fashion
How can you be stylish and save the planet at the same time?

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قبل از گوش کردن، لغات را خوب بررسی کنید، متن را چندین بار گوش کرده و بعد از روی اسکریپت آن، بخش‌هایی را که متوجه نشده اید را بررسی کنید.

Industry

صنعت 

Rely on

وابسته بودن 

Consumerism

مصرف گرایی

Impact

 تاثیر

Pesticide

سم/ آفت کش

Reputation

شهرت/ آبرو

Decompose

تجزیه شدن 

Swapping

مبادله/ تعویض 

Popular

محبوب 

Attitude

گرایش/ رویکرد

دانلود فایل صوتی پادکست شماره پنجاه و هشت

این پادکست برای سطح C1 (آیلتس 7 و بالاتر) طراحی شده است.

 

WorkSheet / تمرین کنیم

حالا وقت تمرینِ و بدون نگاه کردن به اسکریپت تلاش کنید که فقط با گوش دادن به فایل صوتی به سوال ها پاسخ دهید.

1. Listen for general meaning: Jackie and Richard talk about ‘green fashion’. What does this mean? Choose the correct answer:

  • The colour of the clothes.
  • Clothes made from plants.
  • Clothes that are environmentally friendly.

2. Listen for detail: listen again and choose the correct answer.

a) What is the problem with cotton?
Farmers use herbicides.
It needs a lot of water.
Workers are not paid very much.

b) Polyester clothes take          years to decompose in landfill.

c) Which alternative to cotton is not mentioned?
     lyocell           flax (linen)
     hemp            bamboo

d) It’s better to ..
a few cheap clothes.
lots of expensive clothes.
a few expensive clothes.

e) What should you do with clothes you don’t want to wear anymore?
Sell / Give     to a friend and     take / buy    something from them.

f) Is it easy to sell second-hand clothes online?
Yes, people like older fashions.
No, people only want to buy new clothes.
Yes, they are sold very cheaply.

g) Why does Jackie say you should learn to sew?
So that you can make your own clothes.
So that you can repair clothes.
So you can start a repair service.

h) What does Richard say?
He buys clothes and then never wears them.
You should only buy things you really need.
His mum used to buy his clothes.

Answers

1. Clothes that are environmentally friendly.

2. a) It needs a lot of
b) Polyester clothes take 200 years to decompose in
c) flax (linen)
d) It’s better to buy a few expensive
e) Give to a friend and take something from
f) Yes, people like older
g) So that you can repair
h) You should only buy things you really

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Transcript / متن فایل صوتی

Jackie:         The problem with the fashion industry is that it relies on consumerism and new trends. The more clothes people buy, the happier the industry is.

Richard:        Yes, we’re looking at how we can be fashionable and save the planet at the same time.

Jackie:         Richard, did you know that there was a problem with buying cotton things?

Richard:        Yes

Jackie:         Oh, you did?

Richard:        Yes. It uses a lot of water.

Jackie:         Yeah and it has a really negative impact on the environment as a result and also pesticides, they use a lot of pesticides. So people are trying to turn away from using cotton.

Richard:        Mmm, that’s interesting because it has got a reputation for being a natural fibre so. But it does use a lot of water. So what are the alternatives then, Jackie?

Jackie:         Well, not polyester, Richard.

Richard:        [laughs] No, because I don’t like polyester.

Jackie:         Do you know it takes 200 years to decompose in... in land-fill, polyester clothes.

Richard:        Wow

Jackie:         I know. So in fact the industry is looking at making clothes out of things like hemp...

Richard:        Ah yes, that’s a good idea.

Jackie:.......... bamboo. [Richard: Bamboo clothes?] Yes, and lyocell which is made from..?

Richard:        Lyocell? Wool is it? Jackie:  No, it’s eucalyptus trees.

Richard:        Eucalyptus

Jackie:         Okay, something else is: less is more. Richard:                   [laughs] What do you mean by that?

Jackie:         Well, I... it doesn’t really count for us but actually people are buying more and more clothes.

Richard:        Mmm, I know and it’s very... the clothes are very cheap, aren’t they?

So that’s why people buy clothes and then just throw them away afterwards.

Jackie:         Cheap clothes, often poorly made [Richard: Yes] and replaced every year ending up in landfill. [Richard: Yes] Okay, so it’s much better to buy more expensive but better quality items.

Richard:        Well, we’ve been doing that for years.

Jackie:         Yeah, but on the whole I think, it’s... it’s become the norm not to do that. Don’t shop, swap.

Richard:        [laughs] Right

Jackie:         Okay, sometimes, you know sometimes you’re bored with the clothes that you’re wearing, “I just don’t want to wear that anymore”, but there is a possibility that you might have a friend who would like to wear it. [Richard: Yes] So you say, “Okay, I don’t want to wear this shirt anymore, I’m fed up with it, you know, would you like it? Um... and have you got something that I could have of yours?”

Richard:        Is that the same as buying at the second-hand shops?

Jackie:         Well, that’s buying, isn’t it, Richard, rather than swapping but if you do want to get some money for your clothes um... it is possible of course to buy and sell second-hand clothes online.

Richard:        Right, okay. I think the problem with that is though, it’s... you’re talking about fashion as well, as fashions change.

Jackie:         That’s a very good point- Richard, but actually a lot of second-hand clothes have become more fashionable now, [Richard: Again, retro] Vintage.

Richard:        [laughs] Right, okay.

Jackie:         And... and sites like Etsy and Ebay are very popular for... for buying second hand clothes.

Richard:        And as we know trends come and go and they come back again, don’t they?

Jackie:         Exactly. Something else to think about Richard.[Richard: Right] Learn to sew. Now do you remember...

Richard:        I’m not sure about that one.

Jackie:         No, but do you remember, it wasn’t that long ago that someone like your dad, once the collar on his shirt wore out what... what did you mum do?

Richard:        Got a new collar, they had collar-less shirts, didn’t they and they replaced the collar.

Jackie:         Not necessarily replaced the collar they’d turn it round and it’s as good as new because the worn bit is now at the back and you can’t see it.

Richard:        Okay, I didn’t know that but I’ll buy that. Jackie: So, learn to sew and/or find a repair service.

Richard:    Mmm, yes Jackie, all these things are all well and good but I think at the end of the day you’ve really just got to buy things that you really need and really, really want.

Jackie:         Yes

Richard:        You know, ask yourself, “How often am I going to wear this thing?”, “Do I really need it?”, “Have I got something similar that I already wear?” My mum, she used to buy clothes and then tell me she’d never, never worn them.

Jackie:         Yeah, so it’s a change of attitude, isn’t it? Yeah, so you can look nice and help to save the planet too.

 

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