قبل از گوش کردن، لغات را خوب بررسی کنید، متن را چندین بار گوش کرده و بعد از روی اسکریپت آن، بخشهایی را که متوجه نشدید بررسی کنید
buried: بخاک سپرده
cremated: سوزانده و خاکستر کرده
cemetery: گورستان کلیسا
wake: شب زنده داری
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Ashes to ashes
Jackie: we’re talking about something that happens to everybody: funerals. Now, Richard, in the UK there are two main types of funerals, aren't there?
Richard: Yes, its depending on whether the person wants to be buried or whether they want to be cremated.
Jackie: Okay so if we start with a burial, I suppose a traditional funeral would be, what, a church service?
Richard: Yes, we have the... the minister usually who gives prayers. They have songs, hymns in other words, and there's also a remembrance speech talking about the person who died.
Jackie: And then that's followed by the burial. So obviously the body is in a coffin and they're buried in a grave.
Richard: And that can either be in the graveyard attached to the church or often nowadays the churchyards are full so they have them in cemeteries which have no church next to them.
Jackie: And then that's followed by a wake.
Jackie: Or, you mention the cremation, that's another choice, isn't it?
Richard: Very, very similar. You have the service again. You can have it at the church or at the crematorium where they cremate the body, they have a small er...chapel there, usually.
Jackie: But it doesn't have to be religious it can be more secular, there doesn't have to be a minister there, does there?
Richard: No, not at all.
Jackie: And of course then there's the cremation.
Richard: And that's followed again by the wake.
Jackie: In the cremation the body is still in a coffin.
Richard: And that is all burned, yes, at the crematorium.
Jackie: And then what happens?
Richard: Well, then a few days later the ashes of the deceased are returned to the family in a... usually an urn, a specially shaped container for ashes. And then these are often scattered in a garden of remembrance at the cemetery.
Jackie: So that's much more of a private affair, then.
Richard: Yes, just with the close family and actually often the ashes are scattered at sea maybe or even at football pitches.
Jackie: A special place for that person.
Richard: Exactly, yes.
Jackie: Now we mentioned the word wake a few times. What do we mean by that?
Richard: Well, after the... the ceremony, whatever it is, people often go perhaps go to a pub for a few drinks.
Jackie: The family and friends who went to the service.
Richard: Exactly, yes. [They] talk about the deceased or possibly to someone's home for tea and cake or whatever.
Jackie: Or yeah, or they can go to the pub and have beer and sandwiches.
Richard: Very popular, yes.
Jackie: Its just a nice get together to... to celebrate the person's life.
Richard: Exactly, yes. So we've talked about the two main types of funeral service, so which is the most popular?
Jackie: 80% of people are cremated nowadays in the UK. And, and the main reason for that has to be cost. The average cost of burying somebody in a church is around 5,000, compared to 640 average price for a cremation,
Richard: Mmm, that's a big difference.
Jackie: There is an increase in a... in a secular approach to funerals as well now isn't there, Richard?
Richard: Yes, well now in the UK, fewer and fewer people are going to church. I mean a lot of people, they only go to church for... for birth, for christenings, marriage, or death. That's it and now, even for death they're not going to the church, they're doing it themselves.
Jackie: Yeah, so the idea of being buried in a wicker coffin in... in a forest somewhere is becoming increasingly popular.
Richard: A completely non-religious service, yes. And people are getting buried all over the place.
Jackie: And you can also be buried in your own back garden!