Arc de Triomphe

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Arc de Triomphe

Located at the western end of the Champs-Élysées, the iconic Arc de Triomphe stands at the center of the Place Charles de Gaulle, also known as the “Place de l’Étoile”. It was built between 1806 and 1836 in honor of those who had fought for France and is considered the linchpin of the historic axis (L’Axe historique) – a sequence of monuments and grand thoroughfares on a route that stretches from the courtyard of the Louvre Palace to the outskirts of Paris.

After the unfortunate death of Chalgrin in 1811, the work was taken over by Louis-Robert Goust (1762-1838) who had been a pupil of Chalgrin. The construction of the arch was disrupted and eventually halted in April 1814 by the defeat of Napoleon and subsequent decades of political turmoil. In 1832 the architect Guillaume-Abel Blouet (1795-1853) took over the project and the Arch was eventually completed in 1836. Blouet is the architect actually credited on the monument itself.

The architects and design history

In March 1806, architect Jean-Francois-Therese Chalgrin (1739-1811) was given the task of finding the best possible location for a “triumphal arch” in Paris. He studied several different options and on May 9th, Napoleon agreed to the site: Place de l’Etoile.

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While the Neoclassical version of ancient Roman architecture was Chalgrin’s design, the main sculptures, treated as independent trophies applied to the vast masonry edifice, were created by many of the most renowned French artists of the day such as Jean-Pierre Cordot, François Rude, Antoine Étex, James Pradier and Philippe Lemaire.

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Chalgrin was then tasked with designing and constructing the Arch itself, and on August 15th, 1806 the first stone was laid to coincide with Napoleon’s birthday. Chalgrin was able to see his drawings brought to life when a wood and painted canvas replica of the Arch was constructed exactly the same as it was to be built. This allowed the architect to make some last minute changes after seeing what it would look like.

“You will return home through arches of triumph”

Napoleon to his troops after the victory at Austerlitz, 1805

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Consider

پایه و رکن اساسی

Linchpin

محور

Axis

توالی/ ترتیب

Sequence

راه اصلی/ شاه راه

Thoroughfare

حومه شهر

Outskirt

پیروزی

Triumphal

طاق/قوس

Arch

منطبق بودن/ مقارن بودن

Coincide

بوم نقاشی

Canvas

نسخه تکراری

Replica

 تاسف آور/ شوربخت

Unfortunate

شاگرد

Pupil

مختل شدن

Disrupt

Eventually

سرانجام

Halt 

متوقف شدن

Defeat

شکست دادن

Subsequent

بعدی

Decade

دهه

Turmoil

آشوب/ شورش

Ancient

باستانی/ قدیمی

Sculpture

پیکره

Independent

مستقل

Trophy

بنای یادبود پیروزی

Vast

وسیع/ گسترده

Masonry

بنایی

Edifice

عمارت/ ساختمان/ بنا

Renowned

مشهور/ معروف

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